The study cases

This page presents an overview of the available datasets. You are not obliged to work on all the basins in order to participate to the common assessment; using only one dataset can be enough.

 

River name

Country Catchment area Period Type of change Plots of yearly averages of the variables References
The Fernow River at Watershed 6 USA 0.2km² 1956-2009 Forest cut of the lower part of the basin (Mar – Oct 1964), forest cut of the upper part of the basin (Oct 1967 – Feb 1968), plantation of firtrees (Mar – Apr 1973). Plots Edwards and Wood (2011a,b,c)
The Ruisseau du Rimbaud at Collobrieres France 1.4km² 1966-2006 A forest fire burnt more than 80% of the basin surface in August 1990. Plots Cosandey et al. (2005); Folton and Lavabre (1995)
The Mörrumsån River at Lissbro Sweden 97km² 1981-2010 In January 2005, a severe storm (called Gudrun) in southern Sweden, lead to considerable loss of forest/deforestation in some basins including this one. Plots  
The Ferson Creek at St. Charles USA 134km² 1980-2011 Growing urbanization of the catchment. Annual urbanized fraction values are available. Plots Blodgett et al. (2011); Thornton et al. (2012)
The Blackberry Creek  at Yorkville USA 182km² 1980-2011 Growing urbanization of the catchment. Annual urbanized fraction values are available. Plots Blodgett et al. (2011); Thornton et al. (2012)
The Axe Creek at Longlea Australia 237km² 1970-2011 Very low discharge during the period 1997-2008 ('Millennium Drought') due to low annual rainfall, 'changed' rainfall characteristics and higher temperature. Plots Potter and Chiew (2011); Vaze et al. (2011)
The Kamp River at Zwettl Austria 622km² 1976-2008 Increase in air temperature (i.e. mean air temp in 1976-86 is approximately 6.0°C, in the period 1998-2008 it is 7.3°C), plus dramatic floods in Aug 2002. Plots Blöschl et al. (2008); Komma et al. (2007); Reszler et al. (2008)
The Gilbert River at Gilberton Australia 1907km² 1963-1988 Arid catchment under cyclonic heavy rainfall influence. Plots Peterham et al. (2008, 2012)
The Flinders River at Glendower Australia 1912km² 1967-2011 Arid catchment under cyclonic heavy rainfall influence. Major flood in 2002. Plots Peterham et al. (2008, 2012)
The Wimmera River at Glenorchy Concrete Weir Tail Australia 2000km² 1960-2009 Very low discharge during the period 1997-2008 ('Millennium Drought') due to low annual rainfall, 'changed' rainfall characteristics and higher temperature. Plots Potter and Chiew (2011); Vaze et al. (2011)
The Durance River at La Clapiere France 2170km² 1901-2010 Temperature increase implying a diminution of glaciers. Plots Kuentz et al. (2012)
The Allier River at Vieille-Brioude France 2267km² 1958-2008 Increase in air temperature and decrease in discharge plus starting up of a dam in 1983. Plots  
The Garonne River at Portet-sur-Garonne France 9980km² 1958-2008 Increase in air temperature and decrease in discharge. Plots  
The Bani River at Douna Mali, Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso 103390km² 1959-1990 Decline in rainfall since 1971 => decrease in the flow observed between the 1950–1970 and 1971–2000 periods), with a decrease in deep water recharge and baseflow contribution to the annual flood. Significant land-cover changes. Plots Ruelland et al. (2010; 2012)

 

References:

Blodgett, D.L., Booth, N.L., Kunicki, T.C., Walker, J.L., and Viger, R.J., 2011, Description and testing of the Geo Data Portal: Data integration framework and Web processing services for environmental science collaboration: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File. Report 2011–1157, 9 p., available only at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2011/1157/

Blöschl, G., C. Reszler and J. Komma (2008) A spatially distributed flash flood forecasting model. Environmental Modelling & Software, 23 (4), pp. 464-478. Link: http://www.hydro.tuwien.ac.at/fileadmin/mediapool-hydro/Publikationen/bloeschl/2008_Bloeschl_EMS.pdf

Cosandey, C. et al., 2005. The hydrological impact of the Mediterranean forest: a review of French research. Journal of Hydrology, 301(1-4): 235-249. Link: http://cemadoc.irstea.fr/oa/PUB00016462-the-hydrological-impact-the-mediterranean-forest-r.html

Edwards, Pamela J.; Wood, Frederica. 2011a. Fernow Experimental Forest daily air temperature. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. http://dx.doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2011-0013

Edwards, Pamela J.; Wood, Frederica. 2011b. Fernow Experimental Forest daily precipitation. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. http://dx.doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2011-0014

Edwards, Pamela J.; Wood, Frederica. 2011c. Fernow Experimental Forest daily streamflow. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. http://dx.doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2011-0015

Folton, N. and Lavabre, J., 1995. Bassin versant de recherche du Real Collobrier: Informations générales sur la pluviométrie et les écoulements. CEMAGREF, pp. 16. Link: http://iahs.info/redbooks/a229/iahs_229_0219.pdf

Komma, J., C. Reszler, G. Blöschl and T. Haiden (2007) Ensemble prediction of floods – catchment non-linearity and forecast probabilities. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 7, pp. 431-444. Link: http://www.hydro.tuwien.ac.at/fileadmin/mediapool-hydro/Publikationen/bloeschl/2007_Komma_NHESS.pdf

Kuentz A., Mathevet T., Gailhard J., Garçon R., Perret C., Andréassian V. (2012). Homogénéisation et reconstitution de longues séries hydro-climatologiques sur le bassin de la Durance (Homogeneisation and reconstruction of long historical climate and streamflow time-series on the Durance watershed), Congrès AIC, Grenoble, septembre 2012.

Petheram, C., T. A. McMahon, and Murray C. Peel. "Flow characteristics of rivers in northern Australia: implications for development." Journal of Hydrology 357.1 (2008): 93-111. Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022169408002242
    
Petheram, C., R. Rustomji, F. H. S. Chiew, and J. Vleeshouwer. "Rainfall-runoff modelling in northern Australia: A guide to modelling strategies in the tropics." Journal of Hydrology (2012). Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022169412000418

Potter NJ and Chiew FHS (2011)  An investigation into changes in climate characteristics causing the recent very low runoff in the southern Murray-Darling Basin using rainfall-runoff models. Water Resources Research, 47, W00G10, doi:10.1029/2010WR010333. Link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2010WR010333/abstract

Reszler, C., G. Blöschl and J. Komma (2008) Identifying runoff routing parameters for operational flood forecasting in small to medium sized catchments. Hydrological Sciences, Journal, 53 (1), pp. 112-129. Link: http://www.hydro.tuwien.ac.at/fileadmin/mediapool-hydro/Publikationen/bloeschl/2008_Reszler_HSJ.pdf

Ruelland, D., Levavasseur, F., Tribotté, A. (2010). Patterns and dynamics of land-cover changes since the 1960s over three experimental areas in Mali. Int. J. of Appl. Earth Observ. Geoinform., 12(1), 11-17. Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0303243409001020

Ruelland, D., Ardoin-Bardin, S., Collet, L., Roucou, P. (2012) Simulating future trends in hydrological regime of a large Sudano-Sahelian catchment under climate change. J. Hydrol., 424-425, 207-216. Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022169412000054

Thornton, PE, MM Thornton, BW Mayer, N Wilhelmi, Y Wei, RB Cook 2012. Daymet: Daily surface weather on a 1 km grid for North America,1980 – 2011. Acquired online (http://daymet.ornl.gov/) on 23/12/2012 from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. doi:10.3334/ORNLDAAC/Daymet_V2

Vaze J, Chiew FHS, Perraud J-M, Viney N, Post D, Teng J, Wang B, Lerat J and Goswomi M (2011)  Rainfall-runoff modelling across southeast Australia: datasets, models and results. Australian Journal of Water Resources, 14, 101–116. Link: http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=762741659602776;res=IELENG